Here, using a transgenic Arabidopsis line harboring the stress-inducible RESPONSIVE TO DEHYDRATION29A (RD29A) promoter-LUCIFERASE find more (LUC) reporter gene and
the cauliflower mosaic virus 35S promoter (35S)-NEOMYCIN PHOSPHOTRANSFERASE II (NPTII) antibiotic resistance marker gene, we characterize a ROS locus, ROS5, that encodes a protein in the small heat shock protein family. ROS5 mutations lead to the silencing of the 35S-NPTII transgene due to DNA hypermethylation but do not affect the expression of the RD29A-LUC transgene. ROS5 physically interacts with the histone acetyltransferase ROS4/INCREASED DNA METHYLATION1 (IDM1) and is required to prevent the DNA hypermethylation of some genes that are also regulated by ROS1 and IDM1. We propose that ROS5 regulates DNA demethylation by interacting with
IDM1, thereby creating a chromatin environment that facilitates the binding of ROS1 to erase DNA methylation.”
“PurposeTo develop and validate a respiratory motion compensation method for free-breathing cardiac cine imaging. MethodsA free-breathing navigator-gated cine steady-state free precession acquisition (Cine-Nav) was developed which preserves the equilibrium state of the net magnetization vector, maintains the high spatial and temporal resolutions of standard breath-hold (BH) acquisition, and images entire cardiac cycle. Cine image data is accepted only from cardiac cycles occurring entirely during end-expiration. Prospective validation was performed in 10 patients by obtaining in each three complete ventricular image stacks with different respiratory motion JNK-IN-8 compensation approaches: (1) BH, (2) free-breathing with 3 signal averages (3AVG), and (3) free-breathing with Cine-Nav. ResultsThe subjective
image quality score (1=worst, 4=best) for Cine-Nav (3.80.4) was significantly better than for 3AVG (2.2 +/- 0.5, P=0.002), and similar to BH (4.0 +/- 0.0, P=0.13). The blood-to-myocardium contrast ratio for Cine-Nav (6.3 +/- 1.5) was similar to selleck compound BH (5.9 +/- 1.6, P=0.52) and to 3AVG (5.6 +/- 2.5, P=0.43). There were no significant differences between Cine-Nav and BH for the ventricular volumes and mass. In contrast, there were significant differences between 3AVG and BH in all of these measurements but right ventricular mass. ConclusionFree-breathing cine imaging with Cine-Nav yielded comparable image quality and ventricular measurements to BH, and was superior to 3AVG. Magn Reson Med 73:1555-1561, 2015. (c) 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.”
“Background Remifentanil has been suggested for the induction of general anaesthesia for caesarean section. We aimed to define remifentanil effects on maternal stress response as well as neonatal effects. Methods Relevant articles were retrieved by a systematic literature search. Randomized, controlled trials comparing remifentanil use before delivery with placebo were selected.