HBM appears to be identifiable from clinical features but unexplained by known LRP5 and SOST mutations. Understanding of the genetic basis of this unique population of individuals offers a novel opportunity to provide new insights into the genetic control of bone mass and its related characteristics. Acknowledgements We would like to thank all our study participants, the radiology staff at our collaborating centres and particularly staff at the Wellcome Trust Clinical Research Facility in Birmingham, Royal National Hospital for Rheumatic GSK461364 in vivo Diseases in Bath, Cambridge NIHR Biomedical Research Centre and Addenbrooke’s Wellcome Trust Clinical Research Facility, Bone Research Unit in Cardiff, Musculoskeletal Research Unit
in Bristol, NIHR Bone Biomedical Research Unit in Sheffield and the Brocklehurst Centre for Metabolic Bone Disease in Hull. This study was supported by The Wellcome Trust and the NIHR CRN (portfolio number 5163); supporting CLRNs included Birmingham and the Black Country, London South, Norfolk learn more and Suffolk, North and East Yorkshire and Northern Lincolnshire, South Yorkshire, Surrey and Sussex, West Anglia and Western. CLG is funded through a Wellcome Trust Clinical Research Training Fellowship (080280/Z/06/Z). MAB is funded by a National Health and Medical Research Council (Australia) Principal Research Fellowship.
Conflicts of interest None. Open Access This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Noncommercial License which permits any noncommercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author(s) and source are credited. Electronic CH5424802 supplementary materials Below is the
link to the electronic supplementary material. Online Resource Table 1 Referral indications prompting DXA scans to be performed, requested over a 5-year period in Hull; the largest of the study centres Fluorometholone Acetate (DOC 72 kb) Online Resource Table 2 Characteristics of high bone mass index cases who participated compared with those who did not participate (DOC 85 kb) Online Resource Table 3 First sensitivity analysisa: The structural bone phenotype and buoyancy of high bone mass cases compared with unaffected family controls (DOC 100 kb) Online Resource Table 4 Second sensitivity analysis: re-analysis of key variables comparing index cases with all relatives and spouses (DOC 92 kb) References 1. Cherian RA, Haddaway MJ, Davie MW, McCall IW, Cassar-Pullicino VN (2000) Effect of Paget’s disease of bone on areal lumbar spine bone mineral density measured by DXA, and density of cortical and trabecular bone measured by quantitative CT. Br J Radiol 73:720–726PubMed 2. Gregson CL, Tobias JH (2007) Interpretation of high bone mineral density measurements. Osteoporos Rev 15:2–6 3. Diamond T, Smith A, Schnier R, Manoharan A (2002) Syndrome of myelofibrosis and osteosclerosis: a series of case reports and review of the literature. Bone 30:498–501PubMedCrossRef 4.