Surface analysis by x-ray photoemission spectroscopy demonstrated

Surface analysis by x-ray photoemission spectroscopy demonstrated that the surface region of the films is non-stoichiometric, being significantly rich in tin and antimony and deficient in both indium and oxygen. Both electron mobility and carrier concentration steeply decrease with increasing antimony content in the films. The temperature dependence

of the electrical transport properties was explained by a model in which for x >= 0.5, the carrier transport is governed by percolation conduction over the distribution of potential barriers around the conduction band edge while degenerate electronic conduction is attained at x < 0.5. The optical bandgap value decreases from 3.15 to 2.92 eV with increasing antimony content from 0 to 1. (C) 2011 American Institute of Physics. [doi:10.1063/1.3605552]“
“Dried corn distillers grains with solubles (DDGS) fed to swine may adversely affect carcass quality due to the high concentration Vorinostat in vivo of unsaturated fat. Feeding CLA enhances pork quality when unsaturated fat is contained in the diet. The effects of CLA on growth and pork quality were evaluated in pigs fed DDGS. Diets containing 0, 20, or 40% DDGS were fed to pigs beginning 30 d before slaughter. At 10 d before slaughter, one-half of each DDGS treatment group was fed 0.6% CLA or 1% choice white grease. Carcass

data, liver- and backfat-samples were collected at slaughter. Longissimus muscle area, 10th-rib back-fat depth, CX-6258 supplier last rib midline backfat depth, LM color, marbling, firmness and drip loss, and bacon collagen content were GW4869 solubility dmso not altered by DDGS or CLA. Outer layer backfat iodine values were increased (P = 0.05) with DDGS feeding and were 65.07, 69.75, and 74.25 for 0, 20, and 40% DDGS, respectively. Addition of CLA decreased (P = 0.05) outer layer backfat iodine values from 71.11 to 68.31. Diets containing DDGS decreased (P = 0.05) percent lean tissue contained in bacon from 48% for controls to 38% for pigs fed 40%. Abundance of fatty acid synthase, carnitine palmitoyl transferase Ia,

acetyl-CoA-carboxylase, stearoyl-CoA desaturase, and glycerol-3-phosphate dehydrogenase mRNA in adipose or liver were not different (P > 0.05) for pigs fed DDGS. Feeding CLA decreased (P = 0.05) the. 9 desaturase index in adipose tissue. The data indicate that decreased carcass firmness with DDGS feeding is not reflected by changes in lipogenic gene expression. Feeding 20% or more DDGS to finishing swine decreases bacon leanness, but inclusion of 0.6% CLA in the finishing diet can partially reverse these effects.”
“Purpose: To determine how many computed tomographic (CT) colonography training studies have to be evaluated by novice readers to obtain an adequate level of competence in polyp detection.

Materials and Methods: The study was approved by the Institutional Review Board. Informed consent was obtained from all participants.

All 23 juices were significant sources of antioxidants both in te

All 23 juices were significant sources of antioxidants both in terms of total antioxidant capacity and total polyphenols, although results varied considerably between the juices [1369-9500 mu mol/L (FRAP), 57.8-100% inhibition of DPPH(center dot), ;0.9-90.7% Dorsomorphin mouse inhibition of ABTS(center dot+) and 449-3025 mu g ferulic acid equivalents/mL for FCR]. Beetroot juice displayed

the highest level of total antioxidants and total polyphenols compared to the other juices which were analysed (tomato, carrot, mixed vegetable, mixed fruit and vegetable). The antioxidant capacity of the juices remained high throughout the in vitro digestion. (C) 2010 Elsevier Ltd. Screening Library All rights reserved.”
“To improve upon adherence assessment in children with HIV, multimethod adherence strategies (pill count, missed doses, off-schedule dosing) were conducted concurrent with viral load and CD4% biomarker assays. Off-schedule dosing predicted both health status markers, while the more common strategies did not. Findings support inclusion of off-schedule dosing concurrent with collection of biomarkers to assess adherence in children with HIV.”
“Eight different barley cultivars were roasted in sand and cooked in a microwave oven and evaluated for antioxidant activity (AOA), total phenolic content (TPC), non-enzymatic

browning, polyphenol oxidase activity (PPO), total flavonoid content (TFC), reducing power and metal chelating activity. Sand roasting resulted in higher puffing index. Greater increase in yellowness of the roasted flour was brought about by microwave cooking. A significant decrease in TPC (8.5 to 49.6%) and TFC (24.5 to 53.2%) was observed after roasting. The AOA significantly increased (16.8 to 108.2%) after roasting with sand roasted barley exhibiting higher AOA. The reducing power and metal chelating activity significantly buy AG-881 increased by up to 77.5% and 78.9%, respectively after roasting with

sand roasted samples showing greater effect. The non-enzymatic browning index increased (315 to 774%) and was higher for sand roasted barley. The microwave cooking brought about a greater reduction (45.1 to 76.8%) in PPO activity. (C) 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.”
“To compare the relative cost effectiveness of treatment decision alternatives for post-hysterectomy pelvic organ prolapse (POP).

A Markov decision analysis model was used to assess and compare the relative cost effectiveness of expectant management, use of a pessary, and surgery for obtaining months of quality-adjusted life over 1 year. Sensitivity analysis was conducted to determine whether the results depended on specific estimates of patient utilities for pessary use, probabilities for complications and other events, and estimated costs.

Methods: 128 consecutive angiographically proven young CAD patien

Methods: 128 consecutive angiographically proven young CAD patients (aged <= 55 years) were enrolled, and 132 age-matched non-CAD individuals (coronary angiography normal or negative finding by coronary ultrafast

CT) were set as control group. Conventional risk factors (hypertension, dyslipidemia, diabetes mellitus, obesity, smoking) were evaluated in the two groups. OxLDL was measured by competitive ELISA. Framingham risk score (FRS) and absolute 10-year CAD events risk were calculated for each individual.

Results: Male sex was more prevalent in group CAD than in control (87.5% vs. 62.1%; P < 0.01). There were significant differences in smoking history (P < 0.01) and triglyeride (TG) and ratio of apolipoprotein B/apolipoprotein A1 (ApoB/ApoA1) (bothP < 0.05) but no remarkable difference PFTα in vivo in other conventional risk factors (all P > 0.05) between group CAD and control. Level of ox-LDL was significantly higher in group CAD than in control (P < 0.01). Multivariate logistic regression

showed that male sex (OR, 4.54; 95% CI, 1.76-9.77), smoking quantity (OR, 2.78; 95% CI, 1.34-4.25), TG (OR, 1.42; 95% CI, 1.18-2.83), ApoB/ApoA1 (OR, 1.73; 95% CI, 1.32-4.23), and ox-LDL (OR, 2.15; 95% CI, 1.37-6.95) were independently correlated with CAD in young patients. Area under the curve (AUC) of receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve of TG, ApoB/ApoA1, and ox-LDL was 0.831, 0.866, and 0.935, respectively (P < 0.001).

Conclusions: Ox-LDL is an important Selisistat independent risk factor for CAD in young patients after adjusting other risk factors such as smoking, TG, and ApoB/ApoA1.”
“The hysteresis curves of multilayer Screening Library microwires consisting of a soft magnetic nucleus, intermediate nonmagnetic layers, and an external hard magnetic layer are investigated. The magnetostatic interaction between magnetic layers

is proved to give rise to an antiferromagneticlike coupling resulting in a magnetostatic bias in the hysteresis curves of the soft nucleus. This magnetostatic biasing effect is investigated in terms of the microwire geometry. The experimental results are interpreted considering an analytical model taking into account the magnetostatic interaction between the magnetic layers.”
“Perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS) and related chemicals (collectively “”PFOS equivalents”") are currently manufactured and used in a wide variety of industrial processes in China. Since 2003, the national annual production has increased dramatically to accommodate both domestic demands and ongoing overseas needs for metal plating, fire-fighting foams, photographic, semiconductor and aviation industries. Accordingly, PFOS-related industries are significant sources of PFOS to the environment in China, though little information is available.

The median spherical equivalent change in the other 22 eyes was

The median spherical equivalent change in the other 22 eyes was

-0.38 diopter (D). The median difference in K values between the clinical history method and PCI was -0.21 D, resulting in a median IOL power difference between -0.23 D (SRK/T) and -0.29 D (Haigis) (range -1.58 to + 1.00 D). The IOL power was underestimated Fer-1 in 59.1% of cases with the Hoffer Q and 63.6% of cases with the Holladay I, Haigis, and SRK/T. There was a difference of +/- 0.75 D in 72.7% of eyes using the Holladay I, Haigis, and Hoffer Q and in 86.4% of eyes using the SRK/T. Neither K values nor IOL power differences were statistically significant (P > .17).

CONCLUSION: Intraocular lens power calculation using modern standard formulas incorporated in a PCI biometry device after intrastromal femtosecond presbyopia treatment was reliable, with minimum underestimation on average.”
“Distillers dried grains with solubles (DDGS) may be included in diets fed to pigs in all phases of production. The concentrations of DE and ME in DDGS

are similar to those in corn. Phosphorus in DDGS is highly digestible to pigs and apparent total tract digestibility values of approximately 60% have been reported. The concentration of starch in DDGS is low (i.e., between 3 and 11%), but the concentration of fat in DDGS is approximately 10% and the concentrations of ADF, NDF, and total dietary fiber in DDGS are approximately 3 times greater than those in corn (9.9, 25.3, and 42.1%, respectively). The apparent total tract digestibility of dietary GKT137831 fiber is less than 50%, which PCI-34051 Epigenetics inhibitor results in reduced digestibility values for

DM and energy in DDGS. The concentrations of most AA in DDGS are approximately 3 times greater than those in corn, but the standardized ileal digestibility of most AA is approximately 10 percentage units less than in corn. Nursery pigs from 2 to 3 wk postweaning, and growing and finishing pigs may be fed diets containing up to 30% DDGS without any negative impact on growth performance. However, the carcass fat in pigs fed diets containing DDGS has a greater iodine value than the carcass fat in pigs not fed DDGS. It may, therefore, be necessary to withdraw DDGS from the diet of finishing pigs during the final 3 to 4 wk before slaughter to achieve the desired pork fat quality. Lactating sows can also be fed diets containing up to 30% DDGS, and DDGS can replace all the soybean meal in diets fed to gestating sows without negatively affecting sow or litter performance. Inclusion of DDGS in diets fed to pigs may improve immune system activation, but more research is needed to elucidate the mechanisms responsible for these effects. Manure volume will increase when DDGS is included in the diets because of the reduced digestibility of DM in DDGS. Nitrogen excretion may also increase, but this can be prevented by the use of crystalline AA in diets containing DDGS.

The expression of SDF-1 was detected by real-time Polymerase Chai

The expression of SDF-1 was detected by real-time Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) and Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay (ELISA), and the ex vivo chemotaxis function on CD34(+) cells was measured by coculture system and Transwell system SDF-1 gene-modified mesenchymal stem cell (MSC) and CD34(-) cells

were infused into lethally irradiated SCID mice and the hematopoietic reconstitution in the recipient mice was examined.

Results. Messenger ribonucleic acid (mRNA) and protein of SDF-1 in infected MSC were significantly higher than that of the non-infected control MSC (p < 0.05) The infected MSC have significant chemotaxis JQ1 ic50 effect on CD34- cells in vitro and promote hematopoietic reconstitution after CD34(+) cell transplantation in vivo

Conclusion. MSC with high-level expression of SDF-1 can synergistically promote hematopoietic reconstitution after CD34(+) cell transplantation in lethally irradiated SCID mice.”
“is often assumed that droplets dispensed into standard microplate wells will automatically fill their bottoms. We show here by computational simulation and experimental verification that the ability to fill the well bottom is dependent on the surface wetting

characteristics. Nirogacestat nmr The release of droplets at the center was also found to fill the well bottom better than droplet dispensation in contact with the well wall. Hydrophobic surfaces required higher liquid volumes to fill the well bottom; unlike the case with capillary wells microplates. This renders standard microplate wells less amenable for use in small volume liquid handling; a feature that is increasingly sought after in screening and studies involving scarce agents. (C) 2010 American Institute of Physics. [doi:10.1063/1.3525097]“

risk of persistent pain following a retropubic sling is SB203580 rare (1%). Nerve injuries have been suspected as a cause of persistent postoperative pain. We present two cases of postoperative pain thought to be secondary to injury or mechanical distortion of two different pelvic nerves. Visual exam, cystoscopy, and MRI studies demonstrated no abnormal findings. Manual examination produced site-specific tenderness thought to be associated with a specific nerve distribution. Each patient’s pain was first relieved with a local anesthetic block at the site of the pain. One patient required surgical excision of the mesh, and the second patient only required conservative management. Both patients’ pain completely resolved. Based on these and other reported cases, along with cadaveric dissections, we hypothesize that retropubic slings can potentially injure the pudendal, ilioinguinal, and iliohypogastric nerve branches.

Similar patterns were observed for overweight


Similar patterns were observed for overweight.

Conclusions: Our data suggest that, besides well-known factors such as genetic background, direct mechanical effects, and reduced physical activity, abnormal eating behaviors and weight concerns might intervene in the relation between obesity and asthma. Psychosocial dimension has to be considered to disentangle the complex relation between obesity and asthma in adolescence in view of prevention. Am J Clin Nutr 2009;89:1292-8.”

structural, magnetic and magneto-transport properties AG-881 purchase of highly c-axis oriented Mn(55-x)Pt(x)Bi(45) (x=0, 1.5, 3, and 4.5) thin films have been investigated. The coercivity of the Pt-alloyed thin films increases and the saturation magnetization decreases as the Pt concentration increases. The anisotropy field H(o) increases as a function of Pt concentration, too but the coercivity increases more rapidly than the anisotropy field. This indicates an enhanced domain-wall pinning, caused by increased interstitial

PD-1/PD-L1 inhibitor disorder due to the occupancy of regular Mn sites by Pt. The same mechanism explains the reduced magnetization. All samples exhibit a large extraordinary Hall effect with anomalous Hall coefficient about an order of magnitude larger than the ordinary Hall coefficient. (C) 2010 American Institute of Physics. [doi: 10.1063/1.3360204]“
“The selection of a regimen for venous thromboembolic prophylaxis after total joint arthroplasty is a balance between efficacy and safety. Bleeding may have a negative impact on clinical outcomes.

Recently, both the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons (AAOS) and the American College U0126 nmr of Chest Physicians (ACCP) developed new evidence-based guidelines for venous thromboembolic prophylaxis after total joint arthroplasty.

On the basis of a review of the available literature, the AAOS guideline panel was unable to make a recommendation with respect to the selection of a specific prophylaxis regimen or duration of prophylaxis following routine total joint arthroplasty.

The ACCP panel recommended one of the following

modalities as prophylaxis (rather than no prophylaxis at all) for a minimum of fourteen days: warfarin, low-molecular-weight heparin, fondaparinux, aspirin, rivaroxaban, dabigatran, apixaban, or portable mechanical compression.

Both the AAOS and the ACCP guidelines recommended against screening with postoperative duplex ultrasonography at the time of discharge after routine total joint arthroplasty.

There is renewed interest in the use of mechanical compression as prophylaxis with the advent of portable compression devices, which allow continuation of this type of prophylaxis after hospital discharge. Although the early data are promising, appropriately powered randomized trials are needed to determine the efficacy of the devices compared with other prophylaxis regimens.

000, and polymorphic information content from 0 059 to 0 934 Thr

000, and polymorphic information content from 0.059 to 0.934. Three loci gave significant hits to other haliotid genes and/or microsatellite loci; hits to genes were always located in the 5′/3′-UTR or intron region. Many of these newly designed markers would be useful for parentage, population and linkage studies.”
“Atomic layer deposited (ALD) Pb(Zr,Ti)O-x (PZT)

ultra-thin films were synthesized on an ALD Al2O3 insulation layer on 4H-SiC substrate for metal-ferroelectric-insulator-semiconductor (MFIS) device applications. The as-deposited PZT was amorphous but crystallized into a perovskite polycrystalline structure with a preferred [002] orientation upon rapid thermal annealing (RTA) at 950 degrees C. The capacitance-voltage and current-voltage

characteristics Galardin in vitro of the MFIS devices indicate carrier injection to the film induced by polarization and Fowler-Nordheim (FN) tunneling when electric field was high. The polarization-voltage measurements exhibited reasonable remanent and saturation polarization and a coercive electrical field comparable to that reported for bulk PZT. The piezoresponse force microscope measurements confirmed the polarization, coercive, and retention properties of ultra-thin ALD PZT films. (c) 2011 American Institute of Physics. [doi:10.1063/1.3596574]“
“In this paper, we describe a technique to evaluate the evolutionary dynamics of the timing of spawning for iteroparous species. The life cycle of the species consists of three life stages, embryonic, juvenile and adult whereby the transitions of life stages (gametogenesis, Rabusertib cost birth and maturation) occur at species-specific sizes. The dynamics of the population is studied in a semi-chemostat environment where the inflowing food concentration is periodic (annual). A dynamic energy budget-based continuous-time model is used to describe the uptake of the food, storage in reserves and allocation of the energy to growth, maintenance, development (embryos, juveniles) and reproduction (adults). A discrete-event process is used for modelling reproduction. At a fixed spawning date of the year, the reproduction

buffer is emptied and a new cohort is formed by eggs with a fixed size and energy content. The population consists of cohorts: for each year one consisting of individuals with the same age AZD6094 nmr which die after their last reproduction event. The resulting mathematical model is a finite-dimensional set of ordinary differential equations with fixed 1-year periodic boundary conditions yielding a stroboscopic map. We will study the evolutionary development of the population using the adaptive dynamics approach. The trait is the timing of spawning. Pairwise and mutual invasibility plots are calculated using bifurcation analysis of the stroboscopic map. The evolutionary singular strategy value belonging to the evolutionary endpoint for the trait allows for an interpretation of the reproduction strategy of the population.

We evaluated the vascular function in young women with PCOS

We evaluated the vascular function in young women with PCOS.


We evaluated arterial stiffness in 54 women with PCOS and 24 healthy control women using a volume-plethysmographic apparatus equipped with a multi-element applanation tonometry sensor for the learn more left common carotid artery and studied the correlations of various factors.


There was no significant difference in age or body mass index between the controls and the women with PCOS. These women with PCOS had a significantly higher serum testosterone

and C-reactive protein levels and showed insulin resistance and dyslipidemia. The mean blood pressure in women with PCOS was within the normal range, but still significantly higher than those in the controls. Women with PCOS had a significantly higher brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV) than that for the controls (P < 0.02), whereas there was no significant difference in the carotid augmentation index between the two groups. Stepwise multiple regression analysis revealed that blood

pressure influences the baPWV in women with PCOS. Arterial stiffness evaluated using the baPWV in mildly-hypertensive women (systolic blood pressure >= 120 mmHg or diastolic blood pressure >= 90 mmHg) with PCOS was significantly higher than that in the controls or normotensive women with PCOS.


Early changes in vascular function NVP-BSK805 manufacturer were detected in mildly-hypertensive women with PCOS. Lifestyle interventions to prevent hypertension, such as diet and exercise, should be the first-line of treatment in women with

“The use of rats in research academies to study deafness is widespread, meanwhile medicinal methods to eliminate hair cells is also increasing. Thus, aminoglycosides and loop diuretics have grasped more attention. This study aimed at establishing an animal model in which a rapid distortion of the hair cell of cochlea administering amikacin and furosemide and using distortion product otoacoustic emission Nocodazole order (DPOAE) the functioning of rat’s ear would be assessed. Forty-eight male Sprague-Dawley rats (mean weight 200-250g) were randomly divided into six equal groups. Except the control group the rest received 0.5mg/g, 0.75mg/g, 1mg/g, 1.25mg/g, and 1.5mg/g, of subcutaneous amikacin respectively. 30 minutes later every rat received 0.1mg/g of furosemide intrapritoneally. DPOAE of rats was measured before these injections and 72 hours later. Then tissue sections of the rat’s cochlea were prepared. All the cases had a significant decrease in their DPOAE with the frequencies 2KHz-8KHz (p <= 0.05). The most change in DPOAE was in rats which had received 1mg/g – 1.5mg/g amikacin. Histological studies approved distortion of hair cell even the apical turn.

The authors,

journal, date and country of publication, pa

The authors,

journal, date and country of publication, patient group studied, study type, relevant outcomes and results of these papers are tabulated. All the included studies were follow-up studies; eight studies used prospective data collection, and five studies collected the study data retrospectively. No randomized controlled trials were found. Nine of the 13 included papers used a propensity-score-matched comparison of the survival of bilateral mammary artery graft [or, bilateral internal thoracic artery ( BITA) graft] patients vs single mammary artery graft [or, single internal thoracic artery (SITA) graft] patients. These studies consistently showed an enhanced survival of BITA patients compared with propensity-score-matched SITA patients.

Three of the 13 included papers used Cox proportional hazards regression analysis to compare survival of BITA vs SITA patients; one larger study showed better crude Autophagy inhibitor order survival of BITA patients, but did not identify BITA grafts as independent predictor of enhanced survival. The remaining two studies also did not identify BITA grafts as independent predictor of enhanced survival. One study only presented crude survival estimates of BITA vs SITA patients and therefore was of limited informative value. We conclude that the use of BITA grafts seems to offer a long-term survival benefit compared with a SITA graft for patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting surgery. Although randomized evidence is lacking, observational evidence supporting this hypothesis

is mounting.”
“The study compares outcomes for patients with frozen embryos who had frozen-thawed embryo transfer (FET) timed to their natural ovulation cycle versus cycles Adriamycin cost in which endometrial timing was programmed with oestrogen and progesterone. A total of 1205 patients undergoing 1677 FET cycles between 1 January 2000 and 31 December 2006 were analysed. Comparisons were made for patients undergoing modified natural versus programmed FET cycles, as well as between patients using their own eggs for frozen embryos versus those using donor-egg-derived embryos. Clinical pregnancy (gestational selleck inhibitor sac oil 7 week ultrasound) rates (CPR), as well as miscarriage rates, were significantly higher in programmed FET cycles in patients using their own eggs (106/262, 40.5% per embryo transfer, P = 0.015) However, there was not a difference in delivered pregnancies between cycle types in own egg patients (natural cycle delivery rate 245/862, 28.4%; programmed cycle delivery rate 77/262, 29.4%). Furthermore, CPR were not different in natural (38/129, 29.5%) versus programmed cycles (144/424, 34.0%) for ovum donor recipients, nor were delivered pregnancy rates different in natural (33/129, 25.6%) versus programmed cycles (114/424, 26.9%) for ovum donor recipients. In conclusion, there is no significant difference in delivery rates for FET in natural (278/991, 28.1%) versus programmed (191/686, 27.8%) cycles using both own embryos and donor-egg-derived embryos.

In our investigation, we assumed that: 1) the cost of approaching

In our investigation, we assumed that: 1) the cost of approaching available subjects for screening is constant, and 2) all variables are normally distributed. There is a need to carry out further investigations with more relaxed assumptions (e.g., skewed data distribution).

Conclusions: As cost becomes a more and more prominent issue in modern clinical trials, cost-saving strategies will become more and more important. Strategies,

such as the ones we propose here, can help to minimize costs while maximizing knowledge generation.”
“Cardiovascular disease (CVD) remains Selleckchem ERK inhibitor the leading cause of mortality in developed countries. According to the 2012 European Guidelines on Cardiovascular Disease Prevention in Clinical Practice, family history is a cornerstone for risk stratification of CVD. First-degree relatives are persons in whom CVD should be assessed and targeted intervention should be performed. The aims of this pilot study were (i) to determine risk factors (RFs) for

cardiovascular disease (CVD) in a group of first-degree relatives of patients with CVD at baseline and after 1 year, (ii) to measure adipocyte fatty acid-binding protein (A-FABP) levels as a potential connecting link between metabolic disease and atherosclerosis, and (iii) to determine the impact of targeted intervention on these parameters. The study comprised 62 asymptomatic subjects (41 males; mean age of 53.8 +/- 8.3 years). Preventive examinations and interventions were carried out at baseline and

at learn more 1-year follow-up to assess RFs and evaluate A-FABP levels. At 1 year, males had significantly lower levels of cholesterol (median 5.18 vs 4.67, p=0.005), HDL (median 1.24 vs 1.14, p=0.021), LDL (median 3.08 vs 2.46, p=0.021), ApoB (median 0.99 vs 0.82, p=0.012) and A-FABP (median 19.84 vs 16.73, p = 0.015). In females after 1 year, only significantly lower levels of fibrinogen (median 3.10 vs 2.79, p=0.043) were found. All subjects were clinically examined or contacted by phone after a mean of 36.7 months (range, 11-55). Over that time, no serious complications were noted. In males, intervention for RFs leads to lower levels of A-FABP as a potential RF linking metabolic syndrome to atherosclerosis.”
“Purpose: Evaluation of age-and sex-specific differences of anthropometric parameters that were used as indicators of growth and nutritional status in children aged 6 and 7 years in R. Macedonia and their comparison with the WHO and NCHS reference values.

Material and Methods: The study included 580 children aged 6 to 7 years from different regions of R. Macedonia. Eighteen anthropometric parameters were measured using standard equipment and measurement technique according to the International Biological Programme. The following nutritional indicators were calculated: BMI, weight-for-height, weight-for-age and height-for-age.