The analyses of both the Danish and the Swedish samples were performed by EuroDiagnostica AB, Sweden, using a direct ELISA as previously described . In short, BPI purified from human granulocytes was coated onto microtitre plates at a concentration of 1 μg/ml in a bicarbonate buffer. Serum samples were diluted and incubated for 1 h.
Bound antibodies were detected using alkaline phosphatase–conjugated goat anti-human IgA and anti-human IgG (EuroDiagnostica, Malmö, Sweden). BPI-ANCA was quantified from a calibrator curve of serum that was serially diluted. The results were expressed as arbitrary units (U/l). One positive and one negative control were NVP-BEZ235 solubility dmso analysed in each ELISA. According to the manufacturer, BPI-ANCA IgA values below 53 units were regarded as negative and values above
67 units were regarded as positive; BPI-ANCA IgG values XL765 cell line below 38 units were regarded as negative and values above 50 units were regarded as positive. Exact values were used for the data analyses. To show comparability between results from 2002 to 2006 and 2010, 80 of the 199 blood samples from 2002 to 2006 – all those with high values and random patients with moderate and low values – were re-analysed. We found that the differences between the means of the paired IgA data (267 and 264 [U/l]) were nonsignificant, and that the differences were normally distributed. The Bland–Altman plot showed no single outlier and systemic errors were therefore not suspected, but the standard deviations were high (424 and 408). The corresponding differences for the paired IgG data (means 235 and 206 U/l)
were also nonsignificant, and the means and the plots did not indicate systemic errors. Based on this, we concluded that the methods were comparable. Re-analysed values were used when available. To assess whether a potential decrease in BPI-ANCA was part of a general decrease in the immune response after EIGSS, the level of precipitating antibodies against the Resminostat main Gram-negative bacteria (P. aeruginosa, A. xylosoxidans or B. cepacia complex) measured by crossed immunoelectrophoresisis  taken preoperatively closest to FESS was compared with the lowest value found 3–9 months postoperatively. Furthermore, the average level of total anti-Pseudomonas IgG values measured by ELISA 12 months preoperatively was compared with the average level 12 months postoperatively. The data were analysed using SAS 9.1.3. The BPI-ANCA data were continuous. As the distribution of data was positively skewed, log10 transformations were performed. Patients with a value of ‘0’ were given a value of 0.1 to allow the transformation. The transformed data had an approximately normal distribution justifying two-sample t-tests for the means. The data from the LTX patients and serum antibodies had an approximately normal distribution without transformation.