The rat CSMCs were isolated and cultured by enzyme digestion, in

The rat CSMCs were isolated and cultured by enzyme digestion, in which tankyrase 1 expression and autophagy quantity were compared. Tankyrase 1 overexpression was induced with plasmid transfection

by Lipofectamine (TM). The effect of tankyrase 1 overexpression on proliferation, autophagy and mTOR pathway in 24-month-old ED rats’ CSMCs was measured by the cell growth curve in MTT assay, cell cycle analysis in flow cytometry Ralimetinib order (FCM), key protein expression in Western blot, autophagy quantity in transmission electron microscopy, monodansylcadaverine staining and GFP-LC3 fluorescence. The primary CSMCs were confirmed by immunofluorescence, and the purity was 99.1% in FCM. Compared with that of 8-month-old rats, tankyrase 1 expression and autophagy quantity CUDC-907 inhibitor significantly decreased in 24-month-old ED rats’ primary CSMCs (P < 0.01). Tankyrase 1 overexpression significantly increased the growth rate (P < 0.05) and increased the S phase of cell cycle (P < 0.01). The autophagosome quantity was remarkably

increased (P < 0.01), LC3-I/II and Beclin 1 were upregulated (P < 0.01 and P < 0.05), and p-p70S6K (Thr(389)) was downregulated in 24-month-old ED rat CSMCs (P < 0.05). In conclusion, Tankyrase 1 and autophagy decrease in the CSMCs from aging rats with ED, and tankyrase 1 may have a positive effect on proliferation by enhancing autophagy and regulating the mTOR signalling pathway.”
“The ferromagnetic interlayer exchange coupling J(inter) for stacked perpendicular recording media with a granular layer (GL)/interlayer (IL)/alloy capping layer (CL) structure was quantitatively evaluated

by Q-band ferromagnetic resonance GSK126 (FMR). Two resonances with acoustic and optical precession modes were observed in the FMR signals from the stacked media. Fitting using the Landau-Lifshitz-Gilbert (LLG) equation indicated that Jinter increased from 0.55 to 1.83 erg/cm(2) when the Pt IL thickness was reduced from 2.0 to 1.0 nm for media based on Co(82)Cr(10)Pt(8)-CL (4 nm) and Co(74)Pt(16)Cr(10)-8 mol (SiO(2))-GL (16 nm). The optimum Pt IL thickness at which the switching field distribution was minimized due to a large reduction in the saturation field of the stacked media was found to correspond to the boundary condition between antiparallel and parallel precession of the magnetic moments of the GL and CL in FMR. (C) 2011 American Institute of Physics. [doi:10.1063/1.3569843]“
“Polyurethanes obtained from 4,4′-diphenylmethane diisocyanate (MDI) and polydiols with different molecular weights (polyethylene glycol and polyoxypropylene diols) were used as modifiers for diglycidyl ether of bisphenol A. Impact strength (IS), critical stress intensity factor (KC), flexural strength and flexural strain at break were measured as a function of polyurethane (PUR) type and content.

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