Science 2005, 309:2075–2078 PubMedCrossRef 6 Balaban NQ, Merrin

Science 2005, 309:2075–2078.PubMedCrossRef 6. Balaban NQ, Merrin J, Chait R, Kowalik L, Leibler S: Bacterial persistence as a phenotypic switch. Science 2004, 305:1622–1625.PubMedCrossRef 7. Dhar N, McKinney JD: Microbial phenotypic heterogeneity and antibiotic tolerance. Curr Opin Microbiol 2007, 10:30–38.PubMedCrossRef 8. Johnson PJ, Levin BR: Pharmacodynamics, selleck kinase inhibitor population dynamics, and the evolution of persistence in Staphylococcus aureus . PLoS Genet 2013, 9:e1003123.PubMedCentralPubMedCrossRef 9. Fauvart M, De Groote VN, Michiels J: Role of persister cells in chronic infections: clinical relevance and perspectives on anti-persister therapies. J Med Microbiol 2011, 60:699–709.PubMedCrossRef

10. Moyed HS, Bertrand KP: hip A, a newly recognized gene of Escherichia coli K-12 that affects frequency of persistence after inhibition of murein synthesis. J Bacteriol 1983, 155:768–775.PubMedCentralPubMed 11. Gerdes K, Maisonneuve E: Bacterial persistence and toxin-antitoxin loci. Annu Rev Microbiol 2012, 66:103–123.PubMedCrossRef 12. Amato SM, Orman MA, Brynildsen MP: Metabolic Tideglusib nmr control of persister formation in Escherichia coli . Mol Cell 2013, 50:475–487.PubMedCrossRef 13. Nguyen D, Joshi-Datar A, Lepine F, Bauerle E, Olakanmi O, Beer K, McKay G, Siehnel R, Schafhauser J, Wang Y, Britigan BE, Singh PK: Active starvation responses mediate antibiotic tolerance in biofilms and nutrient-limited bacteria.

Science 2011, 334:982–986.PubMedCrossRef 14. Keren I, Kaldalu N, Spoering A, Wang Y, Lewis K: Persister cells and tolerance to antimicrobials.

FHPI nmr FEMS Microbiol Lett 2004, 230:13–18.PubMedCrossRef 15. Lechner S, Lewis K, Bertram R: Staphylococcus aureu s persisters tolerant to bactericidal antibiotics. J Mol Microbiol Biotechnol 2012, 22:235–244.PubMedCentralPubMedCrossRef 16. Brooun A, Liu S, Lewis K: A dose–response study of antibiotic resistance in Pseudomonas aeruginosa biofilms. Antimicrob Agents Chemother 2000, 44:640–646.PubMedCentralPubMedCrossRef 17. Keren I, Minami S, Rubin E, Lewis K: Characterization and transcriptome analysis of Mycobacterium tuberculosis persisters. MBio 2011, 2:e00100-e00111.PubMedCentralPubMedCrossRef 18. Wakamoto Y, Dhar N, Chait R, Schneider K, Signorino-Gelo F, Leibler S, McKinney Acetophenone JD: Dynamic persistence of antibiotic-stressed mycobacteria. Science 2013, 339:91–95.PubMedCrossRef 19. Shapiro JA, Nguyen VL, Chamberlain NR: Evidence for persisters in Staphylococcus epidermidis RP62a planktonic cultures and biofilms. J Med Microbiol 2011, 60:950–960.PubMedCrossRef 20. Singh R, Ray P, Das A, Sharma M: Role of persisters and small-colony variants in antibiotic resistance of planktonic and biofilm-associated Staphylococcus aureus : an in vitro study. J Med Microbiol 2009, 58:1067–1073.PubMedCrossRef 21. Cohen NR, Lobritz MA, Collins JJ: Microbial persistence and the road to drug resistance. Cell Host Microbe 2013, 13:632–642.PubMedCrossRef 22.

Comments are closed.