Each 30-sec test see more period was followed by 2.5 mins of rest prior to beginning the next 30-sec UBP10 test period. Subjects used the first trial as an additional warm-up, using approximately 80% of maximal effort during the last 10 seconds, before giving 100% effort for the final two trials. Next, subjects rested again for an additional 2.5 mins before performing a single 60-sec test during which the goal was to achieve the highest average power output over the
entire 60 seconds (W60, W) when starting from a dead stop. Thus, dependent check details measures of UBP from these tests included both W10 (best of the last two of three trials) and W60 (one trial only). During the UBP testing, the metabolic measurement system was continuously measuring both HR and VO2, while recovery measures of fingertip blood lactate were measured at 30 and 120 secs immediate post-exercise into each rest interval. Previous research in our lab has determined that measures of both W10 and W60 correlate highly (r ≥ 0.92) with 10 km classical Nordic ski race performance
. At 10 seconds of maximal effort, the UBP10 test was designed to emphasize utilization of the ATP-PCr energy system, whereas the UBP60 test was designed to emphasize use of the glycolytic PD-0332991 supplier system. Thus, the basis for using the W10 and W60 measures within the current study is the supposition that any factor, such as a nutrition supplement, that can influence measures of W10 and/or W60 could
potentially influence actual Nordic ski racing performance as well. Additional research in our lab has established reliability characteristics for the W10 and W60 measures (i.e., day-to-day repeatability). A local group of competitive Nordic skiers, each with 3+ years of ski racing experience, participated in two UBP testing visits in our lab within 24 hours to two weeks of each other. During each test visit, the UBP10 and UBP60 tests were administered exactly as described for the present study. Specifically, Olopatadine three UBP10 tests were followed by a single UBP60 test with a fixed amount of rest between tests. Subjects who had never performed these tests prior to the reliability study returned for a third visit (i.e., first visit data were not used for data analysis). Mean values for W10 and W60 across the first (Mean ± SE: 208 ± 21 W and 164 ± 16 W, respectively) and the second tests (210 ± 22 W and 162 ± 16 W, respectively) did not differ significantly (P = 0.55 and 0.39, respectively). In addition, intraclass correlations, whether computed across two days of testing (ICC > 0.99) or extrapolated for a single measurement (ICC > 0.98), were high, while the standard errors of measurement for both W10 (± 2.7 W) and W60 (± 2.0 W) were low. Collectively, these data indicate that the UBP10 and UBP60 test variables were reliable when using trained Nordic skiers familiar with the test protocols.