There is limited information on the extent to which patients with

There is limited information on the extent to which patients with normal renal function after transplantation have persistent disturbances in their mineral metabolism.

Aim: The aim of the study is to investigate the prevalence of elevated intact parathyroid hormone (iPTH) levels at least one yr after transplantation in patients living with a first renal transplant with normal

transplant function.

Methods: A retrospective, observational study of 607 patients was collected from the Norwegian Renal Registry. Of these, iPTH was recorded for 360 patients.

Results: One hundred and eighty-eight patients (52%) had elevated iPTH levels. Twenty-six patients (7%) had iPTH Galardin manufacturer levels >2.5 times the upper limit of normal (ULN). Patients with a pre-emptive transplant were significantly younger than the patients who had received treatment with dialysis (p < 0.0001). The prevalence of iPTH > ULN was significantly higher in patients with a pre-emptive transplant (p = 0.037).

Conclusions: learn more In post-transplant patients with normal transplant function, our data indicate that more than 50% have elevated levels of iPTH more than one yr after transplantation.

If elevated iPTH level is associated with mortality in this patient population, it may have major impact on clinical treatment guidelines.”
“Single crystal Fe1-xZnx thin films (x = 0 to 0.85) have been prepared on MgO(001) substrates by molecular beam epitaxy. Reflection high energy electron diffraction monitored the crystal quality of the films in situ and reveals a phase transition of the crystal structure from the alpha-Fe phase to primarily the Gamma phase near a Zn concentration of 40%. Vibrating sample magnetometry shows a lack of any uniaxial anisotropy and a change in sign of the fourth order cubic magnetic anisotropy constant, K-1, at a Zn concentration

near 40%. The Fe1-xZnx samples maintain the high easy axis remanence and low coercivity of pure iron out to about 40% Zn, at which point the samples show a dramatic BAY 80-6946 concentration increase in coercivity, at least in part due to an increased roughness of the films, as the formation of the Gamma phase becomes preferred. (C) 2011 American Institute of Physics. [doi: 10.1063/1.3561079]“
“Exertional compartment syndrome has been described and implicated in pain syndromes involving several fascial compartments. This entity is classically characterized in the legs, feet and forearms of athletes. We describe a case of acute, severe exertional compartment syndrome of the paraspinal muscles in a young and healthy male ultimately resulting in significant rhabdomyolysis and acute kidney injury. The rarity of the syndrome has prevented the establishment of specific guidelines for management; therefore, we will discuss this case in the context of similar previously reported cases, contrasting the various treatment approaches and outcomes described in previous reports.

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