“The present study attempted to explore the efficacy of curcumin and resveratrol in modulating premature mitochondria senescence and ultrastructural changes during lung carcinogenesis. The mice were segregated into 5 groups, which included normal control, benzo[a] BTK animal study pyrene (BP) treated, BP + curcumin (C) treated, BP + resveratrol (R) treated, and BP + C + R treated
groups. Animals were given a single ip injection of benzo[a] pyrene in corn oil at a dose level of 100 mg/kg body weight. Treatments of curcumin and resveratrol were given orally in drinking water at a dose level of 60 mg/kg body weight and 5.7 mu g/mL drinking water, respectively, 3 times a week for a total duration of 22 weeks. Ultrastructure of BP-treated mice revealed disruptions in cellular integrity along with nuclear deformation and premature mitochondrial senescence. Interestingly, supplementation of curcumin and resveratrol individually resulted in improvement of ultrahistoarchitecture of BP-treated mice but the improvement was much greater with combined supplementation of phytochemicals. Further, benzo[a] pyrene treatment revealed alterations in lung histoarchitecture, which, however, was improved appreciably following combined supplementation with curcumin and resveratrol. The present study concludes that combined supplementation with curcumin and resveratrol effectively modulates Compound C nmr histoarchitecture
as well as ultrahistoarchitecture SB203580 in vivo during benzo[a] pyrene-induced lung carcinogenesis in mice.
Cancer is a public health problem worldwide [1,2]. Lung cancer is a major cause of mortality throughout the world and is responsible for the deaths of more than one million people annually [3,4]. Phytochemicals have shown great potential in preventing the occurrence of cancer and other chronic diseases that result from oxidative stress induced by free radicals [5,6]. Phytochemicals are nonnutritive products of plants and, being nontoxic, are presently being studied the world over for their chemopreventive actions in controlling various diseases, including
cancer. In the present study, curcumin and resveratrol are the phytochemicals of interest. Curcumin, a polyphenol, has been reported to have anti-invasive properties . Further, curcumin has been shown to activate apoptotic machinery in patients with lung cancer . On the other hand, resveratrol (trans-3,4,5-thihydroxystibene) is a phytoalexin that is present naturally in grapes as well as in a variety of medicinal plants and has been shown to exhibit antioxidant activity with a potential to induce apoptosis [9,10].”
“We describe here the identification of a stop codon TAA (Stop) -> GAA (Glu) = Stop221E mutation on the light chain of a recombinant IgG1 antibody expressed in a Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cell line. The extended light chain variants, which were caused by translation beyond the mutated stop codon to the next alternative in-frame stop codon, were observed by mass spectra analysis.