Infect Immun 1999, 67:2746–2762 PubMed 66 Morton DJ, Seale TW, B

Infect Immun 1999, 67:2746–2762.PubMed 66. Morton DJ, Seale TW, Bakaletz LO, Jurcisek JA, Smith A, selleck chemical VanWagoner TM, Whitby PW, Stull TL: The learn more heme-binding protein (HbpA) of Haemophilus influenzae as a virulence determinant. Int J Med Microbiol 2009, 299:479–488.PubMedCrossRef 67. Rogers HJ: Iron-binding catechols and virulence in Escherichia coli . Infect Immun 1973,

7:445–456.PubMed 68. Poje G, Redfield RJ: General methods for culturing Haemophilus influenzae . Methods Mol Med 2003, 71:51–56.PubMed 69. Whitby PW, Morton DJ, Stull TL: Construction of antibiotic resistance cassettes with multiple paired restriction sites for insertional mutagenesis of Haemophilus influenzae . FEMS Microbiol Lett 1998, 158:57–60.PubMedCrossRef 70. Morton DJ, Bakaletz LO, Jurcisek JA, VanWagoner TM, Seale TW, Whitby PW, Stull TL: Reduced severity of middle ear infection caused by nontypeable Haemophilus influenzae lacking the hemoglobin/hemoglobin-haptoglobin binding proteins (Hgp) in a chinchilla model of otitis media. Microb Pathog 2004, 36:25–33.PubMedCrossRef 71. Morton DJ, VanWagoner TM, Seale TW, Whitby PW, Stull TL: Differential utilization by Haemophilus

influenzae of hemoglobin complexed to the three human haptoglobin phenotypes. FEMS Immunol Med Microbiol 2006, 46:426–432.PubMedCrossRef 72. VanWagoner TM, Whitby PW, Morton DJ, Seale TW, Stull TL: selleckchem Characterization

of three new competence-regulated operons in Haemophilus influenzae . J Bacteriol 2004, 186:6409–6421.PubMedCrossRef 73. Livak KJ, Schmittgen TD: Analysis of relative gene expression data using real-time quantitative PCR and the 2 -ΔΔC T method. Methods 2001, 25:402–408.PubMedCrossRef 74. Alexander HE, Leidy G: Determination of inherited traits of H. influenzae by desoxyribonucleic acid fractions isolated from type-specific cells. J Exp Med 1951, 93:345–359.PubMedCrossRef 75. Wilcox KW, Smith HO: Isolation and characterization of mutants of Haemophilus influenzae deficient in an adenosine 5′-triphosphate-dependent deoxyribonuclease activity. J Bacteriol 1975, 122:443–453.PubMed Authors’ contributions Cyclooxygenase (COX) All authors contributed to the design and execution of the experiments detailed. DJM constructed mutants and performed growth studies. EJT and PDH performed PCR analyses. TMV performed expression analyses. DJM drafted the manuscript. PWW, TWS and TLS revised the manuscript. All authors read and approved the final manuscript.”
“Background Fusarium graminearum is one of the main causal agents of Fusarium head blight (FHB) in small grain cereals [1]. Although FHB symptoms have a classical impact on yield, the major concern referred to FHB is the presence of mycotoxins. Fusarium spp. are able to produce a plethora of mycotoxins with diverse chemical and biological features [2].

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