Incident hypertension was defined as an absence of hypertension at baseline but presence of hypertension at the follow-up visit. Results: One hundred ninety-three subjects (34.3%) had developed hypertension at 5-year follow-up. After adjusting for age, gender, baseline blood pressure
and other risk factors, narrower retinal arterioles at baseline was significantly associated with an increased risk of incident hypertension (odds ratio per standard deviation decrease in arteriolar diameter: 1.53, 95% confidence interval: 1.08–2.18). Conclusions: Our findings support the concept that arteriolar narrowing, evident in the retina, signals an increased risk of developing hypertension in Japanese persons. “
“This study examined the mechanisms by which H2S modulates coronary Small molecule library order microvascular resistance and myocardial perfusion at rest and in response to cardiac ischemia. Experiments were conducted in isolated coronary arteries and in open-chest anesthetized dogs. We found that the H2S substrate l-cysteine (1–10 mM) did not alter coronary tone of isolated arteries in vitro or coronary blood flow in vivo. In contrast, intracoronary (ic) H2S (0.1–3 mM) increased coronary Y-27632 solubility dmso flow from 0.49 ± 0.08 to 2.65 ± 0.13 mL/min/g (p < 0.001). This increase in flow was unaffected by inhibition of Kv channels with 4-aminopyridine
(p = 0.127) but was attenuated (0.23 ± 0.02–1.13 ± 0.13 mL/min/g) by the KATP channel antagonist glibenclamide (p < 0.001). Inhibition of NO synthesis (l-NAME) did not attenuate coronary
responses to H2S. Immunohistochemistry revealed expression of CSE, an endogenous H2S enzyme, in myocardium. Inhibition of CSE with β-cyano-l-alanine (10 μM) had no effect on baseline coronary flow or oxyclozanide responses to a 15-second coronary occlusion (p = 0.82). These findings demonstrate that exogenous H2S induces potent, endothelial-independent dilation of the coronary microcirculation predominantly through the activation of KATP channels, however, our data do not support a functional role for endogenous H2S in the regulation of coronary microvascular resistance. “
“Please cite this paper as: Jin X-L, Li X-H, Zhang L-M, Zhao J. The interaction of leukocytes and adhesion molecules in mesenteric microvessel endothelial cells after internal capsule hemorrhage. Microcirculation 19: 539–546, 2012. Objective: To explore the correlation between hemorheological variations and the expression of cell adhesion molecules in mesenteric microvessel endothelial cells after internal capsule hemorrhage. Methods: We established an internal capsule hemorrhage model. Then leukocyte–endothelium interaction was observed and hemorheological variations in mesenteric microvessels were evaluated in the following aspects: blood flow volume, diameter of microvessels, blood flow rate, and shear rate.