Conducting polymers such as polypyrrole have a long history of

Conducting polymers such as polypyrrole have a long history of use in BioMEMS (e.g., Polymer Actuators [8]) and biomedicine, most notably as neural interfaces and scaffolds for neural tissue growth. They have also been considered as candidates for ��wearable�� sensors and interfaces for biosensors and DNA chips. Polypyrrole is a positively-charged conjugated polymer. The attractiveness of this polymer for biomedical applications lies in its biocompatibility, ease of preparation, stability in air, and its ability to incorporate a wide variety of dopant ions.Apart from its electron-conducting properties, this polymer also possesses the so-called intercalation property whereby entrapped counterions can be electrically released and incorporated when electrically activated.

This is accompanied by a change in volume, thus making polypyrrole an attractive candidate for artificial muscles and drug delivery substrates. A simple method of polymerization of pyrolle on a flexible fabric is to first impregnate with an iron chloride solution. Thereafter, the fabric is dip-coated in a solution of pyrrole in acetonitrile and allowed to polymerize till a black film appears over the fabric. Alternatively, the polymerization can be carried out in the vapour phase. In this case, the fabric impregnated with iron chloride is suspended in a hermetically sealed jar containing the pyrrole solution. The jar is gently heated to 60oC and placed in a thermostat overnight.

This technique allows formation of a thinner and more uniform layer of conducting polymer.

This paper is organised as follows: in Section II, we provide Carfilzomib a brief review of other related works. In Section III, the details of our proposed method are presented. In section III, we describe the principle of proposed measurement technique. The experimental issues are presented in Section IV and followed by a discussion in Section V. Finally, Entinostat a conclusion of this work is put forward in Section VI.2.?Techniques to Measure Bladder Volume2.1. Pressure SensorsResults presented by Koldewin et al. [9] demonstrate the possibility of using conventional strain gauges to measure pressure among the various placements of strain sensors, sensors that were placed between the peritoneum and muscular layer gave the best results.

However, sensors placed between the mucosal and muscular layers were eroded quickly through bladder movement. During demonstration of the technique, the authors showed the pressure elevation caused by the accumulation of urine to be low and not reliable while considering the artefacts caused by a patient’s movements.

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