23 (1.04–1.47)* 1.34 (1.12–1.61)** No formal education 1.23 (0.86–1.76) 0.97 (0.64–1.47) Experienced a machinery incident in last 12 months 2.60 (1.26–5.38)** 3.38 (2.29–4.99)*** Experienced a livestock incident
in last 12 months 1.22 (0.67–2.22) 1.99 (1.31–3.02)** Sprayed more than median hours 1.11 (0.79–1.56) 1.05 (0.78–1.40) Sprayed more than median insecticide hours 1.19 (0.84–1.67) 1.59 (1.09–2.32)* Sprayed more than median herbicide hours 1.35 (0.87–2.08) 1.08 (0.64–1.82) Sprayed more than median fungicide hours 1.37 (0.94–2.00) 1.39 (0.87–2.20) Takes all GSK3235025 solubility dmso decisions on farm 0.61 (0.41–0.91)* 0.79 (0.60–1.04) Measures using graduated device 1.06 (0.75–1.51) 0.61 (0.45–0.83)** Wears 3 key items of PPE for spraying 1.16 (0.81–1.65) mTOR activity 1.26 (0.79–2.00) User considers spraying PPE to be the safest 0.56 (0.43–0.73)*** 0.60 (0.44–0.84)** Clean water
supply always available selleckchem 1.04 (0.72–1.51) 0.88 (0.66–1.16) Cleans contamination immediately 0.70 (0.50–0.99)* 0.79 (0.57–1.11) Sprayer leaks occasionally or all the time 1.53 (1.12–2.07)* 1.64 (0.99–2.71) Uses good nozzle cleaning practices 1.17 (0.78–1.76) 0.87 (0.57–1.32) * P < 0.05 ** P < 0.01 *** P < 0.001 Fig. 1 Prevalence odds ratios and 95% confidence intervals for any agrochemical incident among users experiencing an agricultural equipment incident Fig. 2 Prevalence odds ratios and 95% confidence intervals for any agrochemical incident amongst users aged less than 40 years Binomial Rapamycin chemical structure regression models predicting the numbers of incidents in the last 12 months gave similar results to the multiple logistic regression models and the strongest predictors were also an agricultural equipment incident in the last 12 months and the confidence of the user about their spraying practices (Table 4). Users who cleaned contamination from spillages immediately were significantly less likely to experience serious or moderate severity incidents, although this term was not quite significant in
models for incidents of any severity. A sprayer leaking occasionally or all the time was also an important predictor of numbers of moderate or serious incidents, but also not quite significant in models for incidents of any severity. The measure of good nozzle cleaning practices gave conflicting results. As expected, users who employed good nozzle cleaning practices were at a lower risk of incidents of any severity, although the OR was not statistically significant. However, the direction of the association reversed for serious or moderate incidents and was of borderline significance. Being aged less than 40 was less important in models for the number of incidents, although close to significance. Times spent spraying the three different types of pesticides were not a statistically significant factor in regression models for the number of incidents.