1     P4 Phage 933 W (100%)

NP_049473 1 Phage lambda (98%

1     P4 Phage 933 W (100%)

NP_049473.1 Phage lambda (98%) NP_040616.1   Phage BP-933 W (100%) NP_286952.1       Prophage CP-933 V (100%) NP_288695.1       Stx2 converting phage I (100%) NP_612980.1       Phage VT1-Sakai (100%) BAB19617.1       Phage YYZ-2008 (99%) YP_002274150.1       Stx2-converting phage 1717 (98%) YP_002274221.1       prophage CP-933 K (98%) YP_003500773.1       phage BP-4795 (98%) YP_001449249.1       phage Min27 (99%) YP_001648905.1     P5 Stx2 converting phage I (100%) NP_613032.1       Phage 933 W (100%) NP_049503.1       Stx2 converting phage II (100%) selleckchem BAC78139.1       Stx2-converting phage 1717 (98%) YP_002274255.1       phage 2851 (98%) CAE53952.1       Phage BP-4795 (97%) YP_0014419282.1     P6 Stx2 converting phage I (99%) NP_612943.1       Stx2 converting phage II (99%) BAC78046.1       phage VT2phi_272 (99%) ADU03756.1       phage Min27 (99%) YP_001648966.1       phage VT2-Sakai (99%) NP_050570.1       Stx1 converting phage (99%) BAC77866.1       Stx2-converting phage 86 (96%) BAF34067.1     The qPCR expression profile for the phage genes identified as being expressed in the lysogen by 2D-PAGE, P1, P2,

P3, P4, P5 and P6, indicated that only the expression of P2 and P3 were restricted to lysogen cultures with a stable prophage. The genes for both P2 and P3 lie downstream of the cI gene. However, their expression levels are one and five orders of magnitude GKT137831 greater, respectively, than the expression levels of cI, the lambdoid phage repressor gene. It is known that in Lambda phage, the cI gene transcript is leaderless, possessing no ribosome binding site for initiation

of translation, with transcription and translation beginning at the AUG start codon [36]. If this causes the 5′ end of the transcript to be less stable and more easily subject to degradation, the higher level of P3 transcript could simply be due to possession of a see more longer half life than those genes at the 5′ end of the transcript. The genes encoding P2 and P3 are conserved in many other phages (Table 3). They have no bioinformatically identifiable promoters of their own, so are likely to be driven by pRM or pRE like cI (see [37] for a cogent review of the related Niclosamide lambda phage), but differences in the levels of transcription between these 3 genes implies that there is still more to discover about the right operator region of this phage. The proteins P1, P4, P5 and P6 all exhibit gene expression profiles that suggest they are expressed following prophage induction. These genes are scattered across the phage genome (Figure 1) and are shared by various phages (Table 3). The protein P4 appears to be part of the lambda Red recombinase system [38–40] and the data presented here suggest that this is most active upon prophage induction.

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