Given its high prevalence, low back pain is considered an importa

Given its high prevalence, low back pain is considered an important public health problem in many countries and is associated with considerable direct and indirect costs (Cost B13 working group 2006). Estimates of the prognosis of chronic low back pain are based on a limited number of studies. The likelihood of being pain-free 12 months after the onset of chronic low back pain is only 42% (Costa et al 2009), so there is an urgent need for more effective treatments of this condition

(GarcĂ­a et al 2011). Numerous treatments for low back pain have been studied, including educational programs (Engers et al 2008), chiropractic therapy (Walker et al 2010), kinesiology (Eardley 2010), exercise (Smeets 2009, Taylor et al 2007, UK Trial BEAM team 17-AAG ic50 2004), health coaching (Iles et al 2011), spinal manipulative therapy (Assendelft et al 2004), medication (Roelofs 2008), and electrotherapy (Djavid et al 2007, Khadilkar et al 2008). Some of these treatments are recommended by the European Guidelines for the Management of Chronic Lower Back Pain, including exercise and educational Bortezomib nmr or cognitive-behavioural programs

to encourage activity (Cost B13 working group 2006). Other guidelines also support these interventions, among others (NICE 2009). Kinesio Taping, developed by Kenzo Kase in the 1970s, is a technique that has been used in the clinical management of What is already known on this topic: Chronic low back pain restricts mobility, causes long-term disability and impairs quality of life. What this study adds: In people with chronic nonspecific low back pain, Kinesio Tape applied for one week reduces disability and pain, although these effects may be too small to be considered Oxymatrine worthwhile. Trunk muscle isometric endurance also improved. Only the effects on pain and isometric endurance were maintained four weeks later. In this study of people with chronic non-specific low back pain of mechanical aetiology, we compared the short-term effects of Kinesio Taping versus placebo tape application to the lumbar spine.

The research questions for this study were: 1. Does one week of Kinesio Taping treatment have beneficial effects on disability, pain, kinesiophobia, range of motion, and trunk muscle endurance in people with chronic non-specific low back pain of mechanical aetiology? We performed a randomised trial with concealed allocation, assessor blinding, and intention-to-treat analysis. People with chronic non-specific low back pain were recruited from those referred for therapy at the Almeria University Health Science School Clinic in Spain. Participants were invited to attend a baseline examination visit, during which demographic data, the location and nature of the pain, and baseline measures of the study outcomes were recorded. Participants were instructed to take no analgesic or antiinflammatory drugs for three days before this visit.

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