“Background and Aim:  MicroRNAs are short noncoding RNA mo

“Background and Aim:  MicroRNAs are short noncoding RNA molecules that are responsible for the posttranscriptional regulation of target genes. The aim of this study was to determine whether microRNA-199b-5p (miR-199b) plays a role find more in the progression and prognosis of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), and to elucidate whether hypoxia-inducible factor-1α (Hif1α) is regulated by miR-199b. Methods:  In this study, 35 matched

HCCs and cirrhosis tissues were assayed for miR-199b and Hif1α expression. To evaluate the role of miR-199b, we assessed cell proliferation rate and clonogenic survival of miR-199b- or negative control-transfected cells by MTT and clone formation assay, respectively. In addition, the regulation of Hif1α by miR-199b was evaluated by Western blotting and luciferase assay. MiR-199b was downregulated in 77% of HCCs, whereas Hif1α protein was upregulated in 69% of cases. A significant inverse correlation between miR-199b and Hif1α was observed in HCCs. Results:  Patients with lower levels of miR-199b expression had poorer overall survival and progression-free survival

rates, whereas patients with higher levels of miR-199b expression had better survival. Moreover, miR-199b could restrain cell growth and obviously enhance the radiosensitizing effect of HepG2 cells. MiR-199b and pGL3-Hif1α vector-transfected cells showed suppressed Hif1α protein expression and significant reduced luciferase activity. Conclusions:  Underexpressed miR-199b, which may be via the upregulation of Hif1α in HCCs, is inversely correlated with survival and directly correlated with the malignant status DAPT of HCC patients. “
“Partial hepatectomy (PH) induces robust hepatic regenerative and metabolic responses that are considered to be triggered by humoral factors. see more The aim of the study

was to identify plasma protein factors that potentially trigger or reflect the body’s immediate-early responses to liver mass reduction. Male C57BL/6 mice were subjected to sham operation, 70% PH or 90% PH. Blood was collected from the inferior vena cava at 20, 60 and 180 min after surgery. Using a label-free quantitative mass spectrometry-based proteomics approach, we identified 399 proteins exhibiting significant changes in plasma expression between any two groups. Of the 399 proteins, 167 proteins had multiple unique sequences and high peptide ID confidence (>90%) and were defined as priority 1 proteins. A group of plasma proteins largely associated with metabolism is enriched after 70% PH. Among the plasma proteins that respond to 90% PH are a dominant group of proteins that are also associated with metabolism and one known cytokine (platelet factor 4). Ninety percent PH and 70% PH induces similar changes in plasma protein profile. Our findings enable us to gain insight into the immediate-early response of plasma proteins to liver mass loss.

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