The lab strain GT-1a (H77c) replicon cell line was used as a control. Genotypic analysis revealed that multiple resistant substitutions (Q30E, Q30K, Y93H, and Y93N) were selected in the H77c cell line, whereas this website the only substitution, Q30R (∼100%), was selected in the hybrid cell line (Fig. 2). These results, combined with the BL specimen analysis, strongly suggest that NS5A BL polymorphisms that have minimal effect on the potency of BMS-790052 can significantly influence the emergence of resistant variants and affect the clinical outcome. Results from this study are consistent with previous observations that the phenotypes of
NS5A resistance variants characterized in the in vitro replicon system correlate well with resistance variants observed in the clinic.13, 15, 16 Subjects without detectable BL NS5A substitutions frequently observed to confer resistance to BMS-790052 in vitro (residues 28, 30, 31, and 93 for GT-1a and 31 and 93 for GT-1b) experienced robust initial
HCV RNA decline.13, 14 Both GT-1a and 1b replicons containing NS5A sequences from these BL specimens exhibited similar inhibitory responses, compared to parental replicons (H77c for GT-1a and Con1 for GT-1b). A variant with ∼100% Q54H and Y93H substitutions was identified at BL for subject T infected with GT-1b. The Q54H-Y93H variant displayed minimal resistance to BMS-790052 with an EC50 value of 0.050 nM, similar to the Y93H substitution by itself (Table 1B).15, 16 Consistent with this in vitro resistance profile, subject T experienced >4 log10 viral RNA decline at day 4 (T72).14, 16 Although the replication ability of hybrid BGB324 GT-1a and GT-1b replicons constructed from clinical specimens varied significantly (Tables 1A and 2A), EC50 values for BMS-790052 determined on hybrid replicons were similar (Tables 1B and 2B). The varying ability of the hybrid replicons to replicate may be related
to the fitness of NS5A in the replicon replication complex; however, the consistent learn more EC50 values suggest that the BMS-790052-binding pocket on NS5A derived from different sources is relatively conserved. Consistent with this observation, all resistant substitutions induced by BMS-790052 have been mapped to the first 100 amino acids of NS5A, mainly at residues 28, 30, 31, and 93.13, 15, 19 Because NS5A does not possess known enzymatic activities and the correlation between the antiviral effect and binding of BMS-790052 to purified NS5A has not been established, the determination of BMS-790052 potency and the analysis of inhibitor resistance phenotype are solely dependent on the cell-based replicon system. A discrepancy between the antiviral effect of BMS-790052 in subject P with a resistant substitution at Q30R in vivo and the Q30R-resistant profile observed in vitro replicon system provided an opportunity to establish a specific, systematic process for investigating NS5A resistance in clinical specimens.